Ancient Egyptians were known for their art, architecture, highly-developed writing system, and complex religious beliefs. They left behind artifacts that attest to their culture and way of life, including the Great Pyramids of Giza and the Valley of the Kings. Ancient Egyptians developed an advanced civilization and made significant advances in mathematics, astronomy, medical practice, and anatomy. Their influence continued to modern times, with many of their gods, philosophies, and traditions still practiced today.
Ancient Egyptian history spans thousands of years, from the Ancient Kingdom Period to the Roman conquest in 30 BC. Key events throughout this period include the unification of Egypt under the first King Menes, the expansion of the kingdom through warfare, and various periods of foreign occupation and rule.