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Greek Myths

The Children of Chaos and Gaea

The great poet, Hesiod, wrote an epic poem during the 8th century B.C.E. about the creation of the world, titled Theogony. According to Hesiod’s poem, three crucial elements played a role in the creation of the world. These elements included Chaos, Gaea, and Eros. In the poem of Theogony, it is stated that Chaos slept with Eros and gave birth to Erebus, the god of darkness, and Nyx, the goddess of the night. Chaos’s children Erebus and Nyx formed a romantic union and gave birth to Aether, who was the bright upper air of the world, and Hemera, who brought the daytime. Nyx would go on to have twelve more children, each representing other parts of nature and life. Nyx’s twelve children included the hateful Moros (fate), Hypnos (sleep), Momos (blame), Philotes (sexual pleasure), Apate (Deceit), Eris (Strife), Oizus (pain), Nemesis (Revenge), Ker (Doom), Oneiroi (Dreams and Nightmares), Geras (Old Age), Thanatos (Death), and Hesperides (the daughter of the evening).

While Chaos and Nyx had their own children, Gaea gave birth to Uranus (who created the story sky) and Oceanus (who created the oceans). Uranus was appointed as Gaea’s protector, and over the years the two of them became lovers and were the first gods to rule over the world as we know it. Uranus and Gaea had eighteen children. Twelve of these children would be born as Titans, three of these children were born as Cyclopes, and three were known as Hecatoncheires (monstrous giants with 50 heads and 100 arms).

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Categories
Greek Myths

What Were the Greek Myths?

To many people the ancient Greek myths will simply only be viewed as epic tales of the Greek pantheon gallivanting around the earth, going on crazy adventures, and achieving all sorts of supernatural feats. This is true, but only on the surface. If you only view these tales with tunnel vision, then you will only believe them to be ancient fairytales. However, if you look beyond the bloody tales, epic battles, and the supernatural, you will see that these myths are more than simple legends. A deeper look will help you uncover the lessons, morals, philosophies, and even warnings that these myths taught the ancient Greek world and quite honestly still teaches modern civilization to this day.

Take note that very few of these stories have happy endings, which is something the world has become very accustomed to today. There are often no happy endings in Greek mythology as they were not stories that were written for the purpose of entertainment. Instead, they were stories to teach, understand the world, and a model for ancient Greeks to ensure their actions were in line with. 

These stories, or myths, were not designed to tell a story for the sake of telling a story, but, instead, played a crucial role in ancient Greek society to impart knowledge from generation to generation. The stories open windows for us to see into the past and their lessons are still true today. It allows us to catch a glimpse of what the lives of the ancient Greek populace were like back then.

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Categories
Greek Myths

Why Is Greek Mythology Still Studied?

The truth is reading and hearing about Greek mythology and the ancient myths is one thing, however, studying the matter is another. Thus, the question that many may have is why are these mythological beliefs still being studied in the 21st century? The answer is to learn. Plainly put and said, we still study Greek mythology in the 21st century as we want to know how the Ancient Greeks lived. Studying to understand how the Ancient Greeks lived is no different than an anthropologist studying how the Khoi-san people of South Africa live. We study ancient cultures not only to understand the culture but to learn from them too.

After all, after studying a culture as progressive as the ancient Greeks and breaking down how they lived and what they believed in, you really can’t help but learn a thing or two. These myths are time capsules. They show the modern human how humanity’s concept 0f the world compares to their own. It allows 21st-century humans to glance at the past, see what the ancient Greeks considered important, how their civilization operated, what their moral compass looked like, and how they viewed the world with extremely limited scientific explanations they had access to. What’s more, studying ancient Greek myths has helped us understand classic literature. Greek mythology has also contributed to and influenced many box office hits, TV shows, modern literature, comics, and more.

It has been said by experts that by studying or even simply reading Greek mythology, people tend to have more control of their actions and utilize more rational thinking before they act due to the teachings of the myths (Smith, 2020). This is an interesting claim as many of the Greek myths communicate tales about how humanity’s stupidity, follies, and hubris constantly lands humankind in danger. Perhaps being versed in the myths makes you second guess your actions’ consequences. What is ironic is that people to this day still tend to be guided by foolishness, give in to temptation, make selfish or stupid decisions, and possess excessive pride despite the warnings and teachings of Greek mythology. It is quite humorous to witness just how accurately the ancient Greek myths still capture the essence of human behavior and is relevant to how 21st-century human behaves.

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