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The Vikings

Vikings and The Celts

During the Bronze Age, the Celts and Vikings were the largest groups to inhabit the northern world, and the fusion between the two was inevitable. The Celts inhabited northern England, Scotland, and Ireland but also spread to Northern Italy and Spain. Some think that due to similarity in language and culture there is a genetic connection between Vikings and Celts. The truth of the matter is that they were equally influenced by each other but had no genetic correlation. Celtic people were not seafarers and were more oriented in growing their own lands than pillaging others. 

The Celts and ancient Germanic people were neighbors before they decided to migrate and settle in separate lands during the Dark Ages. The Celts took to Ireland and Scotland from their Indo-European and Anatolian migration while the Germanic people mostly settled in Scandinavia.

During the Viking Age, the Celts had more influence on the Vikings in culture and language as they were already Christianized by the 5th century, whereas the Vikings contributed riches and the contact with foreign goods from trades. The Vikings landed in Ireland around the 7th century after having had some practice raiding and pillaging in East England and Scotland. They were incredibly important in the foundation of some major Irish towns known today, like Dublin and Cork. This clearly tells us that there was not solely violence, but some diplomacy and shared trade too.

Ancient Celtic tribes did not invent their own runic language; it was adopted from the Norse influence before and during the migrations, where both feuds and social interactions took place.

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Categories
Greek Myths

The Norse God: Thor

The god of thunder, often seen as the hero of the common man, was the most worshiped god during the pre-Christian Scandinavian Era. He is associated with strength, the protection of mankind, and storms. The characteristics most valuable to the Norse people often surrounded Thor, like honor, loyalty, and the unshakeable sense of duty. It was also his place to bless and consecrate holy places with his hammer Mjölnir, but in the same light, it could also be used for destruction. The dual purpose of the mighty hammer reflects the dual properties of human existence. During the Christianization of Scandinavia, the image of Mjölnir was a tool for private revolt against the new God. Wearing pendants in the shape of the hammer was a deliberate contrast to the symbol of the cross.

Thor seems to fall onto the second tier in the deity scheme, which is the function of a warrior and military power. Being the god of both tempestuous storms and sunny, fair weather, he is married to Sif, a golden-haired goddess linked to the earth and crops. Their marriage is often considered the divine marriage of sky and land.

His familiars are the two goats, Tanngrisnir and Tanngnjóstr, who pull his chariot, and of course his famous hammer Mjölnir. The day of the week dedicated to him is Thursday, from the Old Norse term thorsdagr meaning “Thor’s day.”

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