The Black Death, also known as the Bubonic Plague, was a devastating pandemic that swept through Europe in the 14th century. It is estimated to have killed between 75-200 million people, or up to 50% of the continent’s population.
The plague was spread by fleas on rats, and was transmitted to humans through bites. Symptoms included swollen and painful lymph nodes, fever, and fatigue.
The Black Death had a profound impact on society and culture. It led to widespread fear and panic, and also had economic consequences as trade and commerce came to a halt. Many people believed it to be a punishment from God.
The plague also led to significant social and economic changes, such as the decline of feudalism and the rise of a more mobile and diverse workforce.
Despite its devastating impact, the Black Death also had some positive effects. It led to advancements in medicine and public health, as well as a renewed focus on personal hygiene.