Pompeii’s packed marketplace is filled with a thunderous noise. The intense shaking of the earth knocks over stands of meat and fish, upsetting noon shoppers.
The gigantic volcano Mount Vesuvius rises above them, and people yell and point at it. Pompeii was a thriving metropolis in what is now southern Italy over 2,000 years ago.
However, in the summer of AD. Vesuvius, a nearby volcano, erupted in 79. It sent 20 kilometers of hazardous gas and smoke into the air, which quickly reached the town.
Pompeii and many of its 10,000 inhabitants perished under a layer of ash almost instantly. Up to its rediscovery in 1748, Pompeii was essentially lost and undiscovered.
Scientists have been able to determine virtually exactly what transpired on that dreadful day thanks to excavations, which are still ongoing today.
PIC: National Geographic Kids, EDSITement-National Endowment for the Humanities, Medium, BBC Science Focus Magazine