Zeus was the god of sky and thunder on Mount Olympus, king of all other gods and men, and thus the protagonist of Greek mythology. The son of Cronus and Rhea is probably best known for his infidelity to his sister and wife Hera.
Often, Zeus is depicted holding a scepter in one hand and a thunderbolt in the other—both symbols of his authority. Sometimes he wears a crown of oak leaves – the oak is considered his sacred tree. Homer often described him as the “Aegis-Bearer”: the Aegis was a huge shield that Zeus often carried around and lent to his daughter Athena from time to time.
Considered the ruler of the sky and the regent of the weather, Zeus is also associated with wisdom and consciousness, authority and destiny, battle and power. In fact, Homer says that before the battle between Achilles and Hector, Zeus weighed their fortunes and blessed the outcome. Further down, the poet even claimed that Zeus possessed two jars of evil and blessing – gifts he gave to every mortal in the quantities he determined.
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